Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to directly examine the urinary tract, particularly the bladder, the urethra, and also the openings to the ureters. Cystoscopy in female can assist in identifying problems with the urinary system, for example early indications of cancer, infection, strictures, obstruction, and bleeding. During a cystoscopy procedure, urologist uses a 4 mm hysteroscope equipped with a camera to carefully examine the lining of bladder and urethra. The cystoscope is inserted into urethra through vagina and slowly advanced into your bladder.
A cystoscopy might be recommended when a disorder from the urinary tract is suspected. Urinary tract disorders can include structural issues that can result in an obstruction of the flow of urine or perhaps a back flow of urine. If untreated, structural problems may lead to potentially serious complications.
Some medical conditions relating to the urinary tract include, but are not restricted to, the next:
Polyps. An overgrowth of ordinary tissue or mass usually benign that extends from the mucosal lining, or diverticula-pouches that form when a mucosal membrane pushes via a muscular membrane
Bladder stones. Calcium crystals that may lead to infection, inflammation, and bleeding in the urinary tract, or any other blockages from the urinary system
Some other indication are:
- 1. Frequent bladder infections (UTIs)
- 2. Blood in the urine
- 3. Bladder control problems. Involuntary discharge of urine from the bladder
- 4. Painful urination
- 5. Congenital abnormalities of the urinary system. An abnormality from the urinary system present at birth that may result in a backflow of urine or kidney problems
- 6. Traumatic injury from the urinary system
An extended, flexible, lighted tube, called a cystoscope, is inserted in to the urethra the tube that enables urine to pass outside the body and advanced in to the bladder. In addition to allowing visualization from the internal urethra and bladder, the cystoscope enables the doctor to irrigate, suction, and access these structures with surgical instruments. The urologist can also instill substances in to the bladder while using cystoscope. During a cystoscopy, the doctor may remove tissue for further examination, biopsy and possibly treat any issues that might be detected. The cystoscope can also be used to instill saline or water in to the bladder.
Internally, a proper urinary tract appears pink and smooth, having a moist mucosal lining. Some health conditions may alter the appearance from the lower urinary tract or cause bleeding. Other concerns may cause narrowing from the urethra, making it difficult for urine to empty in the bladder. Additionally, some diseases of the bladder could cause alterations in its size, shape, position, and stability. Cystoscopy allows the doctor to examine these structures in great detail, take pictures, and acquire a biopsy. It may be accustomed to perform therapeutic procedures if necessary, such as elimination of stones.
Various other procedures that may be used to diagnose problems of the urinary tract include kidney, ureters, and bladder (KUB) X-ray, computed tomography CT scan from the kidneys, cystometry, cystography, retrograde cystography, and pyelogram antegrade, intravenous, or retrograde. Please see these procedures to acquire more information.
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