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India's Medical Milestone: World Laparoscopy Hospital Performs First Remote Robotic Telesurgery
Surgery / Jun 8th, 2024 6:23 pm     A+ | a-

India's Medical Milestone: World Laparoscopy Hospital Performs First Remote Robotic Telesurgery


In an era where technological advancements are reshaping the contours of healthcare, India has achieved a significant milestone. The World Laparoscopy Hospital (WLH) in Gurgaon has successfully performed the first remote robotic telesurgery in the country using Mantra Robot. This landmark achievement not only underscores India's prowess in medical innovation but also marks a transformative moment in the global medical landscape.

The Concept of Telesurgery

Telesurgery, also known as remote surgery, involves performing surgical procedures on a patient at a different location from the surgeon. This is made possible through telecommunication technology and advanced robotic systems. The concept leverages the precision of robotics and the reach of telecommunication to bridge geographical barriers, bringing high-quality surgical care to remote and underserved areas.

Mantra Robot

Technological Foundations

The successful remote robotic telesurgery at WLH was facilitated by cutting-edge technology. The procedure involved the use of a state-of-the-art surgical robot controlled by a surgeon from a remote location. This setup required a robust telecommunication network to ensure real-time, high-fidelity transmission of data. The technology stack included:

1. Advanced Surgical Robots: These robots are equipped with multiple arms, high-definition cameras, and precision instruments. They replicate the surgeon's movements with exceptional accuracy.

2. High-Speed Internet: Reliable and high-speed internet connections are crucial for minimizing latency, ensuring that the surgeon's commands are executed in real-time.

3. Secure Communication Channels: To protect patient data and ensure privacy, secure and encrypted communication channels are used.

4. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning: These technologies assist in enhancing the precision of robotic movements and provide real-time feedback to the surgeon.

The Procedure

The first remote robotic telesurgery at WLH involved a complex laparoscopic procedure. The patient was located in a different city, hundreds of kilometers away from the surgeon. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of the procedure:

1. Preparation: The patient was prepped for surgery in a local operating room, equipped with the robotic surgical system. A local medical team was present to assist and handle any immediate concerns.

2. Connection Setup: A secure and high-speed internet connection was established between the operating room and the remote location of the surgeon. Multiple redundancies were in place to ensure uninterrupted connectivity.

3. Surgical Execution: The surgeon, seated at a remote console, controlled the robotic arms. Through high-definition video feed and real-time data, the surgeon performed the intricate procedure. The local team monitored the patient and assisted as required.

4. Completion and Monitoring: After the surgery, the patient was monitored by the local medical team. The surgeon continued to provide post-operative care instructions remotely.

Significance and Impact

The successful execution of remote robotic telesurgery at WLH holds profound implications:

1. Accessibility: This technology can bring advanced surgical care to remote and rural areas, where specialist surgeons are often unavailable.

2. Cost Efficiency: Reducing the need for patient and surgeon travel can lower healthcare costs and reduce the burden on urban medical centers.

3. Emergency Response: In cases of emergencies or natural disasters, telesurgery can provide immediate surgical interventions without the delay of transporting patients to specialized centers.

4. Global Collaboration: Surgeons from different parts of the world can collaborate, share expertise, and perform surgeries together, enhancing the quality of care and training.

5. Training and Education: Telesurgery can serve as a powerful tool for surgical education, allowing trainees to observe and participate in surgeries conducted by experts from around the globe.

Challenges and Future Prospects

Despite its potential, remote robotic telesurgery faces several challenges:

1. Technical Reliability: Ensuring uninterrupted and high-speed internet connectivity is critical. Any delay or disruption can have serious consequences during surgery.

2. Cost and Accessibility of Technology: The high cost of surgical robots and the necessary infrastructure can be a barrier, particularly in low-resource settings.

3. Regulatory and Ethical Concerns: Establishing clear regulatory frameworks and addressing ethical issues related to patient consent, data privacy, and liability are essential.

4. Training and Expertise: Surgeons need specialized training to operate robotic systems effectively. Additionally, local medical teams must be proficient in handling potential complications.


The successful remote robotic telesurgery performed by the World Laparoscopy Hospital is a testament to the remarkable strides India is making in medical technology. It heralds a new era in surgical care, where geographical barriers are diminished, and advanced medical interventions are accessible to all. As technology continues to evolve, the integration of AI, machine learning, and improved telecommunication infrastructure will further enhance the capabilities and reach of telesurgery. This milestone not only highlights India's contribution to global healthcare innovation but also paves the way for a future where high-quality medical care knows no bounds.
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