|Discussion in 'All Categories' started by docyashar - Sep 1st, 2011 10:49 pm.|
|iam medical student,3year of medicine|
re: hiv,i need research page,and more info, underground by Dr Sadhana - Sep 3rd, 2011 1:16 am
Infection with HIV-1 is associated with a progressive decrease of the CD4+ T cell count and an increase in viral load, the level of HIV in the blood.
The stages of HIV infection are acute infection, latency and AIDS. The stage of infection can be determined by measuring the patient's CD4+ T cell count and viral load. The latency stage involves few or no symptoms and can last anywhere from two weeks to twenty years or more, depending on the individual. AIDS, the final stage of HIV infection, is defined by low CD4+ T cell counts fewer than 200 per microliter, various opportunistic infections, cancers and other conditions. Acute infection lasts for several weeks and may include symptoms such as fever, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), pharyngitis (sore throat), rash, myalgia (muscle pain), malaise, and mouth and esophageal sores.
A small percentage of HIV-1 infected individuals retain high levels of CD4+ T-cells without antiretroviral therapy. However, most have detectable viral load and will eventually progress to AIDS without treatment, albeit more slowly than others. These individuals are classified as HIV controllers or long-term nonprogressors (LTNP). People who maintain CD4+ T cell counts and also have low or clinically undetectable viral load without anti-retroviral treatment are known as elite controllers or elite suppressors.
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