The full form of ERCP is endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography. It is a procedure that determines and helps us scan and visualize the internal structure of the duodenum. It is performed by inserting the duodenoscope (having the camera and light source on a pen like flexible tube) through the mouth.
The duodenoscope passes through the stomach and enter the duodenum, where it is used to determine the structure of the opening of the bile duct and the pancreatic ducts. A plastic catheter is then passed into the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts and the contrast agent is suitably injected to these parts. X—ray imaging of the highlighted portions is then recorded for clear understanding of the internal structure.
ERCP is an important procedure that helps you understand the health of organs like the liver, gall bladder, bile ducts, stomach, pancreas, pancreatic ducts, the duodenum and the papilla .ERCP is the best way to find out the exact position, stage and cure of the abnormality.
Conditions studied by ERCP include
- Presence of gall stones in bile ducts,
- Presence of tumour in the pancreas, and
- Presence of any secondary growth in the internal lining of the stomach or duodenum.
- Presence of obstructions in bile or pancreatic ducts,