In the last decade, laparoscopic treatment of hepatic hydatid disease continues to be increasingly popular and has undergone a revolution parallel towards the progress in laparoscopic surgery. There are encouraging preliminary results; however, there have been limited reports concerning longterm outcomes of this technique. Hydatid disease is really a parasitic infestation by a tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus.
It's not endemic in the usa, however the change of immigration patterns and the improvement of transcontinental transportation over the past 4 decades have caused a rise within the profile of this previously unusual disease throughout The united states. It's led to the need for physicians to be more conscious of its clinical features, diagnosis, and management.
Human echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the tapeworm from the genus Echinococcus. Of the 4 known types of Echinococcus, 3 are of medical importance in humans. These are Echinococcus granulosus, causing cystic echinococcosis (CE); Echinococcus multilocularis, causing alveolar echinococcosis (AE); and Echinococcus vogeli. E granulosus is the most common from the three. E multilocularis is rare but is the most virulent, and E vogeli is the most rare.
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