Laparoscopic Management of Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy
This video demonstrate laparoscopic management of ruptured ectopic pregnancy performed by Dr R K Mishra at World Laparoscopy Hospital. The first successful surgical management of a ruptured tubal pregnancy occurred in April 1883, when the British surgeon Robert Lawson Tait performed a laparotomy and ligated the ruptured tube and the broad ligament. At a time when ectopic pregnancy was associated with a greater than 60% mortality rate, Tait lost only 2 of the first 42 patients on whom he operated. By the 1920s, laparotomy and ligation of the bleeding vessels with removal of the affected tube had become the standard of care, and it remained so until the late 1970s, when operative laparoscopy and salpingostomy replaced laparotomy and salpingectomy. In the 1980s and 1990s, medical therapy for ectopic pregnancy was implemented; it has now replaced surgical therapy in many cases. Thus, in less than 3 decades, management of ectopic pregnancy has evolved from emergency surgical treatment to conservative medical treatment.