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Bowel Preparation: Prior to Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy

Bowel Preparation

What bowel preparation steps are participating prior to the colonoscopy?

  • Patient’s doctor will prescribe the type of bowel prep that is good for him/her. Patient will receive specific directions. Generally, here's what he/she may expect:
  • It is essential to avoid dehydration during bowel prep. Drink more fluids than a patient usually do.
  • Doctor will explain to alter patient’s diet at least one day before his/her colonoscopy. Generally he/she will need to limit his/her diet plan to pay off broth, tea, gelatin desserts, ginger ale, sherbet, and clear fruit drinks, for example any fruit juice.
  • Physician will explain exactly when patient should stop eating and drinking before his/her
    colonoscopy.
  • Patient has to avoid gelatin desserts and liquids which are red or purple.
  • Patient should follow carefully all the steps as prescribed by physician.

Exactly why is bowel prep important?

A patient’s bowel must be clean so that his/her doctor can thoroughly analyze colon. Many patients believe the bowel prep is the most difficult a part of a colonoscopy. But it is important that patient should try very best to completely complete the preparation.

Can a patient still take his/her current medications?

Inform physician what medicines a patient is taking, especially aspirin products, arthritis medications, anticoagulants, clopidogrel, and insulin or iron products. Most medications can be continued. Some can hinder either the prep or the colonoscopy.

What decides the kind of prep a patient get?

A patient medical problem is an essential factor in deciding which type of bowel prep is best for him/her. Inform doctor if she is pregnant or breast feeding, or if a patient has past bowel obstruction. Let the physician know if a patient has high blood pressure. Also, point out if he/she has any heart, kidney or liver disease, or for those who have had these diseases in the past. Patient has to mention any allergies he/she has with medicines to the physician. For those who have had difficulty with bowel prep previously, be sure to mention this too. Additional factors in choosing the kind of prep are the time of the colonoscopy appointment, individual preferences.

Do you know the kinds of bowel prep?

Various kinds’ bowel prep medicines are available; both medicines used most often in bowel prep are described. A patient’s personal doctor may suggest one of these simple or other preps which are available. A patient will need to carefully follow his/her doctor’s instructions concerning the exact dose and timing of the prep.

What are the common unwanted effects of bowel prep?

The type and severity of side effects vary among patients. Additionally they vary using the item used. Some patients have nausea, vomiting, bloating, or abdominal pain. A prep may cause kidney failure, heart failure or seizures, but this is rare. Patient’s doctor will show the possible side effects of the prep selected for him/her personally.

Let's say patient forget to consider the medicine when he/she should, or remember too late to complete the prep?

Call your physician and ask how to proceed if a patient is not able to total the bowel prep as advised.

Bowel Prep Medications

Polyethylene glycol; Electrolytes oral solution may come as a powder to be combined with water before use. They are available only by doctor prescribed and are taken by mouth. Although given in a greater volume than other items used in bowel prep, PEG-based products are often preferred for patients with kidney, heart and liver conditions. The reason is that they do not cause mineral or fluid changes that can lead to dehydration. Sodium phosphate comes in tablet form to be taken by mouth as well as a prescription. In rare cases, sodium phosphate can cause kidney failure. Physicians consider this when deciding if sodium phosphate is appropriate for any given patient.

Understanding Bowel Preparation before Colonoscopy

It is extremely essential that patient’s colon be thoroughly cleaned before colonoscopy. This can allow physician see any abnormalities, such as colon polyps, throughout the procedure. Polyps are small growths in the colon that may later become cancer. Cleansing the colon before a colonoscopy is called bowel preparation, or “prep.” It calls for taking medicine that triggers diarrhea, emptying the colon. The drugs are taken orally, and are available in liquid or tablet form. Additionally, patient will need to change that which he/she eat during the day or two prior to the colonoscopy.

 

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