Diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure doctors use to view a woman's reproductive organs. A laparoscope, a thin viewing tube similar to a telescope, is passed through a small incision (cut) in the abdomen. Using the laparoscope, the doctor can look directly at the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby organs.
The process typically takes devote hospital and outpatient surgical centres under general anaesthesia. But may local anaesthesia can also be used for the process. This numbs only the part of the body that has been affected by the surgery and allows the patient to stay awake. A miniature cut is made by the surgeon underneath the navel along with a needle is inserted into the area. The abdomen area is inflated by passing carbon dioxide in the abdomen. This provides the surgeon extra space to work, and the surgeon is also able see the organs more clearly. Through the cut a tube is positioned within the abdomen.
A little telescope goes through this tube and is accustomed to begin to see the within the patient’s abdomen and pelvis. To insert other instruments in the abdomen to determine certain organs more cut are created. Dye may be injected to your cervix area if you are having gynaecologic laparoscopy. This is done so that the surgeon can get a much better look at the patient’s fallopian tubes. The gas, laparoscope, and instruments are removed, and the cuts are closed after the procedure.
The individual may have bandages over those areas. Normally the patient feels sore and tired for several days following a procedure. It's been realized that the patient feels pain brought on by gas bubbles from the procedure in their shoulders and under the diaphragm. Normally the patients have 3 or 4 scars caused by the procedure - one within their navel (belly button) and others within their lower abdomen. Probability of infection is very low after a laparoscopic treatment. Symptoms of infection are swelling or redness around the incision or stitches, fever, frequent urination or burning while urinating and discharge in the incision.
Female infertility causes fibroids, scar tissue, endometriosis and blocked fallopian tubes. A gynecologist can examine your uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes to determine if any of those causes are present by surgery referred to as Laparoscopy. If the cause of infertility is decided during the procedure, it may be treated at that moment with a surgical instrument inserted through a small incision in your lower abdomen. In vitro fertilization might be the best choice for conceiving a child if there is are installments of severe tubal disease or scar tissue.
Laparoscopy is often recommended when other diagnostic tests, such as ultrasound and X-ray, cannot confirm the cause of a condition. Your doctor might use laparoscopy to:
- Find the cause of pain in the pelvic and abdominal regions
- Examine a tissue mass
- Confirm endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
- Look for blockage of the fallopian tubes or for other causes of infertility